Formal education against informal

There is a sustainable debate in some circles on the relative intrinsic value of formal and informal education. This debate can affect our work in a literacy program. We must make the difference between formal and informal education and why it is necessary in this rapid and in particular countries such as Pakistan.

Formal education

The term formal education refers to the structured and pre-arranged educational system provided by the state for the children of this country. In most countries, the formal education system is funded by the state and exploited by the state. In some countries such as Pakistan, the state authorizes and certifies private systems that provide an education in a comparable way, even something much better.

Informal education

It is very simple to understand informal education as unofficial informal means and is called informal education because;

No regular program
Not mandatory
No formal certification
The government can or can not support the entire program as it refers mainly to social base programs. Most of the time, education / training or awareness for this purpose is organized outside the official school. Most often, the term or phrase in formal education is used to refer to adult literacy and adult continuing education.

Promotion of informal education

Above all, this type of education, programs, training training in training and especially supported by an international organization such as the World Bank, UNICEF, the Red Cross, etc. There is now a problem because these organizations have their own philosophy and according to the World Bank, they insistence is the insistence that formal education is the most essential and therefore illiteracy can be eliminated in a generation or the next. to come up.

According to others, they think it is more necessary to work on formal education because private families and children can be housed in informal education programs. And this will help reduce the percentage of illiteracy.


It seems that it seems feasible that a more balanced approach or model for formal education in relation to informal education is necessary not only by the theorists of education, but also companies. And they must come to work on this subject to try to eliminate the illiteracy rate. Because there is no doubt that education is needed and especially countries like Pakistan, we understand that the government. Can not face this issue individually now, we must play our role (companies) in this regard and have to present the formal or informal illiteracy rate.

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